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Dr. Jordy Mogen
Vet & Breeder
Dogs have 42 teeth; 12 incisors, 4 canines, 16 pre-molars, and 10 molars. In a normal occlusion, more common referred to as "bite", the upper incisors should gently overlap the lower incisors and the lower canine should land between the 3rd upper incisor and the upper canine.
The most common malocclusion in dogs is linguoverted mandibular canines, AKA
BASE NARROW CANINES
Base narrow canines, which we will now refer to as BNCs, occur when one or both
of the mandibular canine teeth point inward toward the tongue and make contact with the upper gums and/or soft palate, often resulting in a small defect in the soft tissue.
Mild BNCs with small defects in the gingiva & palate
breed specific testing ofa - CHIC certification
gana and alaa publish recommendations